Nova Scotia Is the Third Canadian Provinse to Pass an Accessibility Law – When Will Ontario Live Up to Its Own Accessibility Law’s Potential?

April 28, 2017


On Thursday, April 27, 2017, the Nova Scotia Legislature passed a new accessibility law, the Accessibility Act, following the lead of the Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act. Nova Scotia becomes the third Canadian province to enact a comprehensive accessibility law. The Nova Scotia law has the goal of Nova Scotia reaching full accessibility by 2030.

Ontario passed the Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act in 2005. Manitoba passed the Accessibility for Manitobans Act in 2013. The Federal Government is working on its promised national accessibility law, expected to be introduced in Parliament for debate by the end of 2017. Barrier-Free BC is pressing candidates to promise a BC Disabilities Act in the current BC provincial evidence.

Our congratulations go to the bill 59 Alliance, the ad hoc great team of grassroots disability advocates in Nova Scotia who came together last fall, when the Nova Scotia Government first introduced a weak bill. They collaborated effectively to advocate for improvements to the bill.

When the Nova Scotia bill was first introduced into the Nova Scotia Legislature last fall, the AODA Alliance quickly released our analysis of that bill. We pointed out important reforms needed to strengthen that bill. To see the AODA Alliance’s November 6, 2016 analysis of the original Nova Scotia accessibility bill.

Over the past four months, AODA Alliance Chair David Lepofsky was honoured to be able to offer some tips on the AODA Alliance’s behalf, from Ontario’s experience, to the Bill 59 Alliance. The Bill 59 Alliance came up with their own made-in-Nova-Scotia strategy and did a great job of uniting many behind their campaign. They achieved this with just a few weeks to get it all done.

We have not had a chance to ourselves analyze the amendments that they won. However, the Nova Scotia disability advocates have voiced a real sense of progress.

One item that is worthy of note. The Nova Scotia legislation mandates the development of a series of accessibility standards, including an Education Accessibility Standard. For Ontario’s part, there have now been a long 144 days since Premier Wynne agreed to create an Education Accessibility Standard for Ontario. Yet, the Wynne Government has still not posted an advertisement to invite members of the public to apply to sit on the Education Standards Development Committee that the Government must appoint. The Ontario Education Standards Development Committee will make recommendations to the Ontario Government on what the promised Education Accessibility Standard should include.

The longer that the Wynne Government delays before it posts that ad, the more delay there will be before the Education Standards Development Committee can get to work. Ontario is already well behind schedule for reaching full accessibility by 2025, as the AODA requires. We cannot afford this ongoing foot-dragging in the important area of education for students with disabilities in Ontario.

Below we set out:

* a Nova Scotia Government news release on the new Nova Scotia legislation.

* text of the Third Reading debate on this bill that took place on April 27, 2017, in the Nova Scotia Legislature.

* Text of Bill 59, the Nova Scotia Accessibility Act, in its final form that the Nova Scotia Legislature passed.

You can always send your feedback to us on any AODA and accessibility issue at

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We encourage you to use the Government’s toll-free number for reporting AODA violations. We fought long and hard to get the Government to promise this, and later to deliver on that promise. If you encounter any accessibility problems at any large retail establishments, it will be especially important to report them to the Government via that toll-free number. Call 1-866-515-2025.

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Text of the April 27, 2017 Nova Scotia Government’s News Release on the Passage of Bill 59, the Accessibility Act

Government of Nova Scotia, Canada

Accessibility Act to Make Province More Accessible

Department of Justice

Originally posted at

April 27, 2017 5:48 PM

Nova Scotia has set a goal to be accessible by 2030 under the Accessibility Act, passed today, April 27.

Nova Scotia is only the third province in Canada to pass accessibility legislation. The passage of Bill 59 will start the process of removing barriers for persons with disabilities.

“We are proud to have worked with people with disabilities and business to take this historic step toward an accessible Nova Scotia,” said Justice Minister Diana Whalen. “This act commits us to a timeline to make the province an accessible place to live, work, learn and play.”

Under the act, government will work with persons with disabilities, and the public and private sectors to create six standards for an accessible Nova Scotia. The standards will be in the areas of goods and services, information and communication, public transportation and transportation infrastructure, employment, education, and the built environment which includes buildings, rights-of-way and outdoor spaces.

The legislation puts in place a new Accessibility Advisory Board. The majority of the board’s members will be persons with disabilities. A new accessibility directorate will be responsible for supporting accessibility initiatives and advancing broader disability-related issues.

While public awareness and support will be essential in encouraging compliance with the standards the act allows for penalties and, for the most serious cases, fines up to $250,000.

“We’re very pleased with the Nova Scotia Accessibility Act and commend the government for its leadership,” said Gerry Post, from the Bill 59 Alliance. “The collaborative approach taken in drafting the act has established a wonderful climate for communal partnerships, including the business community, to implement the legislation. We also thank the opposition parties for giving the government the space to engage key stakeholders and for supporting this act.”

Bill 59 was amended after witnesses appeared at the law amendments committee and staff consulted with representatives of persons with disabilities.

Government also invested $1.8 million in the 2017-18 budget to increase provincial ACCESS-Ability grants for community buildings and to launch a new grant program for small businesses to become more accessible.

A copy of the Accessibility Act can be found at  Accessible versions of government information related to disability in Nova Scotia are available at


Nova Scotia has set a goal to be accessible by 2030 under the Accessibility Act, passed today, April 27th.

Nova Scotia is only the third province in Canada to pass accessibility legislation.

Under the act government will work with persons with disabilities and the public and private sectors to create six standards for a Nova Scotia where everyone can live, work, learn and play.

The legislation puts in place a new Accessibility Advisory Board. A new accessibility directorate will be responsible for supporting accessibility initiatives and advancing broader disability-related issues.

Government also invested one-point-eight million dollars in this year’s budget to increase provincial ACCESS-Ability grants for community buildings and to launch a new grant program for small businesses to become more accessible.


Media Contact: Sarah Gillis
Cell: 902-266-8554

Text of the April 27, 2017 Debates in the Nova Scotia Legislature on Third Reading of bill 59, the Nova Scotia Accessibility Act

Bill No. 59 – an Act Respecting Accessibility in Nova Scotia (pages 2628-40)

HON. DIANA WHALEN: It seems like a sudden changing of gears, doesn’t it? We’re here today – let me just begin with the proper sentence – Mr. Speaker, I move that Bill No. 59, an Act Respecting Accessibility in Nova Scotia, be now read a third time and pass. (Applause)

With that, Mr. Speaker, that really sets out our goal for today. We had our Committee of the Whole House on Tuesday, an opportunity for us to review the many amendments that had come through from the consultation with community advocates, with the Disabled Persons Commission, with our staff, and so many others, who brought us to this very historic day, so that we are here today to be looking at the bill in its amended form, and as I said in our Committee of the Whole, it’s a very historic point to be here today to be looking at this bill, and to be celebrating the many changes that were worked out because of good work together.

There are many people I would like to acknowledge by name, if I could, as we get going. I know a few are with us in the gallery and I know many are watching at home. This has been a long process, and we heard that from the Minister of Community Services, when she got to say a few words a few days ago about this Act. This was a commitment from 2013. I know that for many people who have worked in the community, who don’t think just in electoral cycles, this has been the culmination of work for many years, maybe decades.

I think, Mr. Speaker, in your own life, before politics, you worked on this for many years yourself, with others, with people in the community. So many people have had a hand in bringing us to the point where our province is finally adopting a framework and a way forward to make our province more accessible. There are so many standards and changes that are needed. We do need to settle this framework that will allow us to get to work on the heavy lifting of individual standards that are going to improve the work life and the livability of our cities, our towns and our province for people with disabilities.

Among the people I’d like to recognize first and foremost is the Minister of Community Services, because she and her staff began this work on behalf of our government to see this bill brought forward most recently. They began that work three and a half years ago. They worked closely with the Disabled Persons Commission, and we owe a word of thanks to Brian Tapper, and the other members of the commission. It would be very nice to acknowledge that they have done such great work. (Applause)

Brian is with us today, with other members of the commission, in the gallery. They have worked diligently to see this happen. This has been very important to them, as well, to be advocates and spokesmen for the need for change, to challenge government and to encourage us. They have done a significant piece of work in setting government in the right direction to see this historic legislation today.

The commission played an integral part in developing the minister’s advisory panel which, as you know, we needed to consult widely. We believe that you have to go out and listen and talk and learn from the people who know best. You can’t just sit in an ivory tower and come up with the answers that we think might be best. So there was a minister’s advisory panel formed and led, in large part, with the leadership of the Disabled Persons Commission to take us around the province and ensure that we were able to do the good work that was necessary and learn. It provided the basis for the work before us today.

The minister’s advisory panel was co-chaired by Joe Rudderham and by Anne MacRae. Again, they provided excellent advice, which you can see in today’s bill before us. I think that relates back to the credibility of the process, that you can actually see the recommendations that came back through the minister’s advisory panel.

As we know, there was a lot of work done after the bill was introduced as well. Several things happened. Of course, we know that the bill changed from the Department of Community Services to the Department of Justice, which was an acknowledgement of the nature of this bill, which relates more to human rights and to the rights of people to have these accessibility standards addressed and have a liveable environment and an environment that can be accessible in all ways. That is a tall order. It may be an ambitious project, but we’re under way today, and we’re proud of it.

From my own department, I would like to thank Katherine Berliner, who came in to help lead this and has developed such a great relationship – she and Adriana Meloni, our legal adviser, have really worked so hard to develop a rapport and understanding, and to listen to the concerns and great suggestions that came from the community first at Law Amendments Committee in November and then through a process that I think we should all admire.

We should be giving kudos to the Bill 59 Alliance because they did something that’s seldom seen in our province. One of the other ministers that I spoke to on our side said what a terrific process. We haven’t seen that. You don’t always see that happen, because what you need is leadership in the community that brings together different voices, different interests and concerns, but overall a concern to see this bill be the best it could be and to be passed.

The Bill 59 Alliance have asked us to get going and pass this bill because it is the start of the work getting under way. Without it, we can’t start to work on those standards. It’s giving us the framework to do that work. We really owe them a great debt for coming together and working out some of their differences because there are 35 organizations there and a lot of different viewpoints. It isn’t always easy to hammer out that cohesiveness. They did that and they allowed government and our staff – Katherine Berliner and Adriana Meloni – to meet regularly with them to hear their ideas and to work out wherever possible where we could come together and reflect their concerns in this bill.

As I think was mentioned the other day, we were told by Gerry Post at Law Amendments Committee on behalf of the group that we got about a B-plus, I think for this Act. I think that’s good because politics is the art of compromise. It’s the art of creating something where there’s a lot of division.

With that, I think we did a really good job to bring it up from what was seen as being inadequate to a bill that covered it all. It wasn’t so much that I felt there was anything missing before. I think the intent was always to do what we’re setting out to do now, to create that framework to allow the work to get under way, to be ambitious and set timelines. What was missing was, we didn’t spell them out.

I’ve been in Opposition myself. I see Opposition members are watching and listening. That’s great. I know you sometimes want to see it spelled out too. I always felt some concern when things were left sort of up in the air, and it was just said, we’ll get to that don’t worry – it’s going to be in the regulations. Or you’ll see it soon.

I appreciate that, and I think members of the public, too, want to see things clearly spelled out so that there is no question that not only our government but also future governments for as long as this bill is in place will all be held to the same high standard. The dates are laid out, and we know that we’re going to get there.

I was speaking about the Bill 59 Alliance, and I would like to mention a few of them who have been so helpful all along. Gerry Post has been a spokesman for them. Claredon Robichaud is known to many of us from the League of Equal Opportunities, Barb LeGay, Will Brewer, Linda Campbell, Amy Parsons, Barry Abbott and Steve Estey and there were others and they were not alone. Five members were chosen to meet regularly with our staff, the two members I mentioned who were drafting the bill. They would meet weekly. I think they met four times since we had Law Amendments Committee, which was in March, so that’s pretty much weekly getting together. Then the larger group would meet so they could hear where we were at, what changes we’d made.

You can understand that it is a pretty exhaustive process and yet everybody was happy to be part of it. We’re supportive of our staff and everybody was finding it to be a very positive process.

We learned a lot, Mr. Speaker, and that is exactly what this is about. The Bill 59 Alliance were able to share everything along the way and often it’s communication that is so important. They kept the broader group of 35 and others very much in the loop so that there was no misunderstanding about where we were at, what changes were being accepted, what changes we had some concerns with or felt weren’t necessary.

We spoke about a few things the other day where there was a concern about duplication, that we don’t want to create new obligations or bureaucracies within government if we feel that things are already covered.

Mr. Speaker, that really gives an idea of the process which I think has been something that all of us in government should be very proud of to see the community and giving credit to the community to come together and work with government so they can get their concerns addressed through legislation.

As well, I would like to again thank members of the Opposition. I believe that along the way you’ve also received some briefings or kept abreast of what came up at Law Amendments Committee and certainly in the more recent bill briefing that you received. What we’ve all learned and I think that every member of the House has learned as well is a greater appreciation for the difficulties and the obstacles that are in not only our built environment but in other ways.

At Law Amendments Committee, we heard from so many people. We heard about different kinds of disabilities, we heard about the kinds of daily challenges that people experience. I think I could speak for all of us in saying it was a great lesson to us about having a greater understanding. Really, that brings us to why the understanding is that we need to take action today and we need to work together to do the best we possibly can.

Again, I think it would be worthwhile to mention the great strides that were made at Law Amendments Committee. That is something we’ve never seen before at the Law Amendments Committee and that was the help we received to make our committee more accessible and the Legislature more accessible to people with disabilities.

In anticipation, as those of you will remember, when we brought the bill in in November, we did not do anything different. As we normally do, we moved straight from second reading here to the Law Amendments Committee stage. We didn’t make even a realization that people might depend on Access-A-Bus and need two weeks to make an appointment and be able to attend. That just hadn’t been considered.

We’ve worked with our Clerks and Legislative Counsel and others here at Province House to make sure that was addressed, so the next time we scheduled Law Amendments Committee we allowed over two weeks so there was time. We arranged for American Sign Language to be available.

Before I can go into everything, I must say we took some direction from the book that was put together by the Disabled Persons Commission to help us in what was needed – how could we make the Legislature better? That was a very great resource which I know we’ll continue to rely on and try to open up more of our meetings, our committee meetings and so on, to be accessible in the fullest way.

I mentioned that we had American Sign Language, we also had transcription so everything that was being said was being transcribed and put on the screen. We allowed for people to go to other sites in the province, if they chose, so they could speak to the committee via video conferencing. We also have done live streaming of the meeting so people could follow along that way.

I think we’ve set a new standard. I know it will be difficult in every case but I think we’ve set a standard that should be our goal, that we continue to open this Legislature and be aware of all of these issues and we do really need to thank our staff here for understanding and learning with us. This has broken new ground and is something that we can all be proud of.

During the time – I mentioned a lot about the Bill No. 59 Alliance and our meetings. I personally met with the Disabled Persons Commission just a couple of weeks ago when they had their meeting here in Halifax. I had the opportunity to thank them and to work with them and to assure them that we’ve learned and we will continue to learn from their work, and that I’m sure they will be helping to guide us as we put in place the new structure that is outlined in this bill.

The new structure is the development of an accessibility directorate that would be staffed and would be doing a lot of this work, as well as an accessibility advisory board. The board will be people that are appointed to help advise the minister and work on this as well. So there is a bit of a parallel. It’s a new organization, but it will benefit by the work of the Disabled Persons Commission in the past and the advice that we receive going forward.

At the same time, in addition to these many advocates and advisers that I’ve been pleased to have the benefit of listening to, we have also reached out and our staff have reached out to the business community because you’ll remember in the beginning there was some concern about the balance that we would create in this Act. As much as we want it to be the best that it can possibly be, and it will be, we need to be cognizant of other players who are going to have to help us enact these changes. Government is one of them. We have many buildings and we’re responsible for the delivery of services. We have websites that could be more accessible. We have means of interacting with government that could be improved, not only in the built environment, but through communications. So government has to be very aware and willing to change and so does the business community and so we all need to be partners as we come to the table.

In the interim time between the Law Amendments Committee and now, we’ve also reached out – we’ve spoken to the Retail Council of Canada, to the Restaurants Association, Canadian Federation of Independent Business and our Internal Office of Regulatory Affairs just to make sure that communication is good all the way around and there are no surprises. I think that’s the most important thing, that people are aware and kept in the loop and understand their role because that’s what it is about. It’s all of us playing a role.

I wanted to just go very quickly through some of the highlights of the changes because I know there are a couple of speakers and we will hear from members of the Opposition on this bill. There are a few things I wanted to highlight. One of them, as I said earlier, was that we have to remember that the bill is about creating a framework. It’s for developing and implementing standards to prevent and remove barriers that are preventing people in a range of ways from getting the services they need and living their lives fully, from having opportunities to work and shop and enjoy life in our province.
With that in mind, we are looking at the Act and standards that will be needed to change. This is creating the framework and the governance to do that. We’ve made some pretty significant changes, as I said, in trying to fill in the gaps and being explicit rather than implicit in the wording that we used.

One of the things that we’ve done right off the bat, and I’m pleased about, is that we have set out the timeline. We have said in this bill – and this has been added – the goal of achieving an accessible Nova Scotia by 2030. That is only, believe it or not, just 13 years away, so we’re not far away from that. Ontario allowed themselves 20 years when they introduced their bill. I think Manitoba set 10 as a goal. So we think 13 is still ambitious and it’s going to keep us busy. We’re very pleased to have been able to articulate that as our goal of achieving an accessible Nova Scotia.

In order to assure people that we will get going on this and we’ll be setting out the work plan, the minister of the day will be sure to make public a work plan, which is really a strategy for implementation in the first year. That’s very important that we lay that out. Within one year it will be made public and that means that work has to begin right away so that we know that.

Once we know what the work plan is, that’s really good because it has taken up to two years per standard in Ontario. They have 10 years now of experience with this. We want to make sure that we use every month, every week, to move forward and not delay, so that we can do better than every two years for standards. We’ll lay out the work plan, and we’ll have people in place to do the consultation and work required.

On some of the changes, we improved language to make it stronger. For example, we’re using “achieve accessibility” rather than “improve accessibility,” because we want to achieve the goals, not just approach them. We’ve used that stronger word “achieve,” rather than the aspirational “improve.

Some of the other standards – we’ve added more flexibility. Well, we actually name six of the standards that we want to go and work on. Manitoba and Ontario had five. We already added education to make it six, and there’s a seventh one on the list if you’re looking at the bill, that says other prescribed activities, which means there’s still room for the accessibility directorate, the minister, or the board that’s advising us to add more in the future.
We also moved all of the Act to the Department of Justice, which we think is a good move to recognize the link to human rights.

We are also changing the makeup of the accessibility board. This was an important one. If members remember, at the Law Amendments Committee, there was a concern that there should be a majority of people on the board who have disabilities – because it is an accessibility board – that their voice might be lost if they didn’t have that majority. We have made that change. The bill now says the majority of the members will be persons with disabilities. I think that is a good compromise to say that they are right. I think that we need to have that voice be the predominant voice that we hear. I trust that people are always going to use their roles very responsibly, but we need to ensure that we never lose sight of what this bill is about.

We’ve added a lot more transparency. There will be a lot of documents and reports made on a regular basis. I think another important change, maybe the last one I’ll highlight, is the added part on compliance and enforcement. It was felt that there wasn’t a system that was articulated in the bill about how we would be seeking compliance and where people could go with complaints. We’ve added that in as well.

We should all be aware that one in five Nova Scotians has some form of disability. That is the highest rate in Canada. Knowing that means we want to be leaders, and we should be leaders in responding. We know as well that by 2030, which is our deadline for achieving our goal, we will have one in four Nova Scotians over the age of 65 at that time. That also means that there are more people who need to be recognized. We know that as we get older, we have mobility issues and other issues that become important (Interruption)

There’s one thing I would like to mention because the budget was read today. There were two budget items today relating to accessibility, and I think this is the time to mention it. In today’s budget, we saw a commitment of $1.8 million dollars to increase accessibility grants for community buildings. We have added a new program of grants for small business to make them more accessible. I think that’s very important. We also increased the budget for the accessibility directorate to $896,000, an increase of $424,000. That’s close to double the amount that was there before.
So I’m looking forward today to hearing Opposition members speak on this. I think that you will agree with me that the Bill 59 Alliance has reached out strongly to all of us. They’ve asked us to recognize this as a widespread need for all of our constituents. None of this Act is about partisan politics. It will serve the people throughout our province, in every community. I hope you will agree with me that this is the right way to go, and we should get the work under way.

MR. ALLAN MACMASTER: Thank you for the opportunity to speak on the third reading on An Act Respecting Accessibility in Nova Scotia.  When this bill first came forward here in the Legislature, we spoke up because the community that this legislation supports asked us to speak up. The bill was changed. Now the community has asked us to be silent. We will.

We support greater accessibility for all Nova Scotians, and we do hope that this bill will help. Thank you.
HON. DAVID WILSON: mr. Speaker, in my new capacity as Justice Critic – as I mentioned in the Committee of the Whole after the retirement of my colleague, Marian Mancini from Dartmouth South, who I might add has put a lot of time, energy, and expertise in working with not only government, the ministers, and the organizations that have gotten us to this point – I want to thank her for that work. It’s taken a lot of work to get to this point, and to get this bill on the floor today. The commitment of the accessibility committee to see this bill through to the very end is an example for everyone who wants to make a difference here in our province and in Province House. I want to thank all the members of the accessibility community for their hard work and dedication in making Nova Scotia a more accessible place to live and work.

I know the first version of this bill highlighted the differences of opinion between the government and the accessibility community about the purpose of this bill. Clearly, the government was looking to provide enabling legislation, leaving many of the details to be ironed out at a later date. However, the community was looking for something more, something that while being somewhat aspirational also laid out a clear target for where we needed to be. Unfortunately, after conducting consultation, the government isolated itself from the accessibility community. The government drafted this piece of legislation on their own terms, and it showed in the resulting bill. Luckily, the accessibility community was persistent in ensuring that their concerns about Bill No. 59 were heard.

We are very fortunate to have the Law Amendments Committee and that process here in Nova Scotia. Not all provinces have the opportunity for the community and their residents to have input on government policy and legislation. The community came to Law Amendments Committee and made it known that the original bill simply missed the mark. To be fair, the government recognized that they had missed the mark and committed to improving the bill. I think including the accessibility community in the restructuring of the bill after the first attempt was one of the main reasons that this bill is here today.

Our caucus is truly happy about the improvement to the accessibility law that will result from the passing of this bill. That being said, we know that this bill could be improved. I know our caucus, along with the Progressive Conservatives, supported a number of amendments during the Committee of the Whole that were suggested by the Bill 59 Community Alliance.

One amendment would have committed the government to developing standards that cope with the critical need for better access to assistive technologies and accessibility services – such as interpreters in courts. Throughout this process we have seen how valuable accessibility services are in helping people with disabilities be fully engaged with the world around them. As I said in Committee of the Whole – we are joined by some of those professional interpreters who are here providing care in our gallery, which is not something I’ve seen in the past – it shows where we can go and where we should go in the future.

This amendment would have also committed the government to preventing and removing barriers associated with housing options. We all know how important it is to have choices regarding where we live. Choices can often be limited for those with disabilities. I think working to break down barriers associated with housing options is a worthwhile goal.
The second amendment would have allowed people other than those directly affected by the Director of Compliance’s decision to appeal it. A person with a disability may be overwhelmed by the appeal process. By making this change, others would be able to help bring that appeal forward. It can be a daunting task. I have to say that even as an MLA trying to guide people through appeal processes is not a simple task. The government decided, though, to reject those amendments and I respect that. I understand there is a lot of give and take with regard to this bill and I respect the decision of the government not to move on these amendments.

That being said, I think theses amendments would have strengthened the bill. Mr. Speaker, we know there are other changes that could be made to improve the bill, and hopefully the Accessibility Advisory Board that will be made will now be made up of a majority of people with disabilities and will find a way to overcome any shortcomings in this bill as we move forward. Furthermore, any future government may revisit this bill to see where improvements can be made and I hope that can happen.

Again, I want to thank the government for recognizing that they did miss the mark on the first attempt on this bill. Hopefully they’ve learned that drafting legislation in isolation is simply not the answer.

Finally, I want to thank and congratulate the accessibility community for their efforts in this process – truly, Mr. Speaker, an example for all of us. The year 2023 is not as far off as people may think and there’s a lot of work to be done to achieve an accessible Nova Scotia by that year. However, I know the accessibility community will be there every step of the way to help us, as legislators in the province, encourage and adapt to the new way that we really should be providing support for people with disabilities in our province.

Again, thank you for those who have been involved, our caucus supports and the Bill 59 Community Alliance. We’ll continue to make sure that we hold not only this government but any future government to account, to ensure that we can improve those situations that we can, through legislation like Bill No. 59.

HON. JOANNE BERNARD: I won’t take much time because this is an historic day. I’ve said it before and I’ll say it again, this is historic legislation. I thank both Opposition Parties for not being political or partisan on this because it’s simply the right thing to do. I said that the other day.

One thing that I would like to reiterate, there’s lots of advocates in the gallery today and they’ve worked hard and they’ve waited a long time and it has been a strong push and we’re here today. I would be remiss, and I mentioned it the other day, Mr. Speaker, but you weren’t in your Chair, the work that you have led in bringing the political will into the Province of Nova Scotia in making sure that this happens. (Applause)

I know that you have been a strong advocate in a field of many strong advocates and you really brought it to the political agenda. There are many people in this province who owe you a debt of gratitude for that, so I’ll just take my place. Thank you.

HON. MICHEL SAMSON: Mr. Speaker, I will be brief as well but I want to take the opportunity certainly to extend my thanks to primarily the Opposition House Leaders for the Progressive Conservative Party and for the NDP who are my primary contacts when it comes to trying to see the smooth operation of this Legislature, which some may describe at times it may not have been that smooth, but this bill really changed that.

I think it sent a message to Nova Scotians and it really is the accessibility community that allowed us the opportunity to show to Nova Scotians that our democracy does work, our legislative process does work. There are opportunities where we can set aside differences in order to be able to put together the best type of legislation to help the lives of Nova Scotians, and I think this was an example.

I look back at the fact that it was this bill that allowed us, for the first time, to have the type of accessible Law Amendments Committee that took place at the Red Room just across from our Chamber here. In my 19 years of being in office this had never been seen and it took the accessibility community to show us what it is that needs to be done in a modern Legislature when dealing with this type of legislation. Obviously, Mr. Speaker, we’ll have to have further discussions as to what changes we make. Looking in the gallery behind me and seeing that there is sign interpretation that’s taking place as we speak, again, it’s the first time in my 19 years that we’ve seen this take place. Bill No. 59 has had a big impact on all of us. Seeing the smooth passage of this bill is something that I think everyone deserves credit for, all members of the House.

Seeing how bills get drafted, the work that goes into them, I certainly want to extend my thanks as Government House Leader and on behalf of our entire caucus to staff both at Community Services and the Department of Justice who worked so hard on these bills. Bill No. 59 certainly came with challenges, and they are the ones behind the scenes who were doing all the work to find the right language, to find the right changes, to be able to address the concerns that were being brought forward to us as the elected officials. Many times, they are people we don’t see here in the Legislature, but they are in the departments, and they are the ones who are doing the work to have that legislation in front of us to debate. I know there’s at least a few of them who are here in the gallery. I’m sure they’re anxiously waiting for all of us to stop talking and to see the vote just in case something else might happen. I certainly want to recognize all of them for what they’ve done.

The Bill 59 Alliance as well did a lot of work behind the scenes with all caucuses trying to improve this legislation and see its passage. For us to be able to get this done so quickly during the session is certainly a testament of how seriously we all took this matter, that it wasn’t a political debate. Everyone had the right intentions of seeing the best possible legislation.

My primary contact was Parker Donham, who I know is a very passionate advocate and gives a lot of his time to support the accessibility community. I certainly want to thank him for staying in touch and for strongly encouraging us to make the changes and to get this bill passed and get it into law as quickly as possible. That is what is going to happen.
I want to take the opportunity, on behalf of our entire caucus as well, to recognize the Minister of Community Services, who came with such a passion for having this legislation brought forward to start off with. It certainly took her leadership at the Cabinet Table to have this bill come forward as strong as it is today. Her fingerprints are all over this bill, and I certainly want to recognize her for her passion on this issue. (Applause)

Our Minister of Justice was tasked with taking over this piece of legislation and responsibility for it at a difficult time and was able to take this with her staff and work with all interested parties to make this the best bill possible. Again, this is certainly a great legacy piece for her in the extraordinary career that she’s had here in the Legislature. I want to recognize our Minister of Justice for everything she has done. (Applause)

I would be remiss if I didn’t add that the budget we were able to table today was because of many of the difficult decisions, the support, and the guidance that the Minister of Justice provided to us in the first couple of years of our mandate. They weren’t always easy decisions, but they were being done to get us to where we’re at today fiscally. I certainly want to commend her for all the work that she did on behalf of our government to make this a reality.

Again, Mr. Speaker, I want to extend my thanks to all members of the Opposition, certainly the Leader of the Official Opposition and the Leader in the House of the New Democratic Party, who were also part of making this a reality today, seeing this legislation passed. It is proof, for those who say that our Legislature is not working or that our democracy is not as strong as it should be. Bill No. 59 is a great example of how we can work past our differences, we can see what the end goal is, and we can pass legislation as strong as Bill No. 59. I think it’s something for all of us, that we can all look at our political careers and be able to say that on this day we did the right thing. Merci. (Applause)

HON. DIANA WHALEN: Thank you very much, Mr. Speaker, and I understand why you’d be anxious to get to this vote.

I would just like to thank everybody again for their comments in speaking about this bill, and to particularly acknowledge our Opposition members, who have followed the debate closely and been involved in the amendments. I thank you for your support. This is very important. (Applause)

The process has made me proud. Being part of the two ministers and the two departments and the many community members who have brought it to today has been a really gratifying and important part of my work. I’m very pleased that it is something I could see through to this final vote today. I think it reflects the best in all of us.

I think our Government House Leader, the Minister of Energy, has said that as well – that this is an example of how we can work together. Ultimately, all of our jobs are to make Nova Scotia better for the people we serve, and this is a perfect example of something we’ve done that will do just that.

I want to thank you for that, Mr. Speaker. I want to particularly acknowledge your work and how much you’ve inspired us to get at this work. Your commitment and your determination to see change is refreshing and helpful to all of us, and I thank you because today is a very important day.

With that, Mr. Speaker, I would move that we close debate on Bill No. 59. Thank you.

MR. SPEAKER: The motion is for third reading of Bill No. 59. Would all those in favour of the motion please say Aye. Contrary minded, Nay. The motion is carried. (Applause)

Ordered that this bill do pass. Ordered that the title be as read by the Clerk. Ordered that the bill be engrossed.

^Text of Bill 59, the Nova Scotia Accessibility act, Passed on Third Reading

Government Bill
3rd Session, 62nd General Assembly
Nova Scotia
65 Elizabeth II, 2016
An Act Respecting
Accessibility in Nova Scotia
The Honourable Joanne Bernard
Minister of Community Services
Halifax, Nova Scotia
Printed by Authority of the Speaker of the House of Assembly

An Act Respecting
Accessibility in Nova Scotia
WHEREAS barriers to accessibility are a reality for many Nova Scotians with disabilities;
AND   WHEREAS, under the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Dis
abilities, member states undertakeCanada agrees to take appropriate measures to ensureachieve accessibility and to develop and monitor minimum accessibility standards;
AND WHEREAS the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms grants equality rights to all persons without discrimination on the basis of a disability;
AND WHEREAS the Human Rights Act recognizes that the Government, public agencies and all persons have a responsibility to ensure equal opportunity for every individual to enjoy a full and productive life;
AND WHEREAS persons with disabilities disproportionately live in conditions of poverty; AND WHEREAS there is diversity among persons with disabilities;
AND WHEREAS persons with disabilities continue to face attitudinal and environmental barriers that prevent them from achieving their full and equal participation in society;
AND WHEREAS persons with disabilities who are subject to multiple forms of discrimina-tion face additional barriers;
AND WHEREAS achieving accessibility will improve the independence and well-being of persons with disabilities;
AND WHEREAS, under the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Dis abilities, member states undertake to take appropriate measures to ensure accessibility and to develop and monitor minimum accessibility standards;
AND WHEREAS the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms grants equality rights to all persons without discrimination on the basis of a disability;
AND WHEREAS the Human Rights Act recognizes that the Government, public agencies and all persons have a responsibility to ensure equal opportunity for every individual to enjoy a full and productive life;
AND WHEREAS the number of Nova Scotians with disabilities is likely to rise due to the demographic changes associated with an aging population;
AND WHEREAS an accessible Nova Scotia will improve the health, well being and inde pendence of persons with disabilities;

AND WHEREAS public consultation provides an opportunity for Nova Scotians to be actively involved in the development of a process for identifying, reducing, removing and pre venting barriers;
AND WHEREAS the Government is committed to establishing progressive timelines for developing and implementing accessibility standards while taking into account the resources required to comply with such standards;
AND WHEREAS the Government acknowledges it must take a leadership role in the pro¬cess of achieving an accessible Nova Scotia;
THEREFORE be it enacted by the Governor and Assembly as follows:
1          This Act may be cited as the Accessibility Act.
2          The purpose of this Act is to
(a)        ensure that issues related to persons with disabilities are conveyed to and addressed by public sector bodies;
(b)        ensure that existing measures, policies, practices and other requirements are reviewed with a view to making suggestions to improve accessibility;
(c)        provide the framework and authority to create accessibility standards; and
(d)       facilitate the implementation and monitoring of and compliance with accessibil ity standards.
(a)        achieve accessibility by preventing and removing barriers that disable people
with respect to
(i)         the delivery and receipt of goods and services,
(ii)        information and communication,
(iii)       public transportation and transportation infrastructure,
(iv)       employment,
(v)        the built environment,
(vi)       education, and
(vii)      a prescribed activity or undertaking;
(b)        provide for the involvement of persons with disabilities, the public sector and
other stakeholders in the development of accessibility standards;
(c)        facilitate the timely implementation of accessibility standards with a goal of
achieving an accessible Nova Scotia by 2030;
(d)       monitor, review and enforce compliance with accessibility standards; and
(e)        establish an Accessibility Directorate that is responsible for supporting accessi
bility initiatives and advancing broader disability-related issues.

3          (1) In this Act,
(a)        “accessibility plan” means a plan to address the identification, reduction,
removal and prevention of barriers in the policies, programs, practices and services of a public sector body;
(b)        “accessibility standard” means an accessibility standard established under
this Act;
(c)        “barrier” means anything that hinders or challenges the full and effective
participation in society of persons with disabilities including a physical barrier, an architectural barrier, an information or communications barrier, an attitudinal barrier, a technological barrier, a policy or a practice;
(d)       “Board” means the Accessibility Advisory Board established under this
(e)        “built environment” means a building, a structure or premisesthe human
made space in which people live, work, learn and play and includes buildings, rights-of-way and outdoor spaces;
(f)        “committee” means a committee established under this Act;
(g)        “Court” means the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia;
(h)        “Director” means the Director of Compliance and Enforcement appointed
pursuant to Section 45;
(h)(i) “disability” meansincludes a physical, mental, intellectual, learning or sensory impairment, including an episodic disability, that, in the interaction with a barrier, hinders an individual’s full and effective participation in society;
(i)         “government entity” means any department, board, commission, founda
tion, agency, association or other body of persons, whether incorporated or unincor porated, all the members of which or all the members of the board of management or board of directors of which
(i)         are appointed by an Act of the Legislature or by order of the Gover nor in Council, or
(ii)        where not so appointed, in discharge of their duties are public officers or servants of Her Majesty in right of the Province or for the proper dis charge of their duties are, directly or indirectly, responsible to Her Majesty in right of the Province;
(j)         “Government” means Her Majesty in right of the Province;
(j)(k) “inspector” means an inspector appointed under this Act;
(k)(l) “Minister” means the Minister of Community ServicesJustice;
(l)(m)”organization” includes a government entity, the Government, a  sole pro-prietorship, corporation, society, association, partnership and limited liability partner-ship, any association of individuals and any similar body;
(m)(n)”order” means an order made under this Act; (n)(o)”prescribed” means prescribed by the regulations;

(o)(p)”public sector body” means
(i)         a government entity the Government,
(ii)        a prescribed municipality, and
(iii)       a prescribed, and
(iv)       a prescribed organization.
(2)        A document or information is publicly available if it is posted on a website or
made available in a prescribed manner.
4          (1) Nothing in this Act or the regulations diminishes the rights and protections
offered to persons with disabilities under the Human Rights Act.
(2)        Where a provision of this Act or the regulations conflicts with a provision of
another enactment, the provision of this Act or the regulations prevails unless the other enactment provides a higher level of accessibility for persons with disabilities.
5          This Act binds Her Majesty in right of the Province.
6          The Minister is responsible for the general supervision and management of this Act
and the regulations.
7          (1) The mandate of the Minister shallis to achieve accessibility for persons disabled
by barriers by
(a)        raiseraising awareness of how persons with disabilities are disabled by barriers;
(b)        promotepromoting and encourageencouraging the prevention, reduction and removal of barriers;
(c)        overseeoverseeing the development and implementation of accessibility standards necessary to attain the purpose of this Act;
(d)       assistassisting in the integration of applicable accessibility standards into the activities of all persons in the Province; and
(e)        ensureensuring persons in the Province are consulted in the development of accessibility standards and informed about their duties and responsibilities under the standards once created.
(2)        Within one year of the coming into force of this Act the Minister shall adopt,
and make publicly available, an implementation strategy setting out how the Minister plans to achieve the goal of an accessible Nova Scotia by 2030.
8          (1) The Minister shall annually prepare a report of the actions the Minister has
undertaken pursuant to Section 7 during the preceding fiscal year and make that report publicly available.

(2)        The Minister shall table the report in the House of Assembly within 15 days
after it is completed or, where the Assembly is not then sitting, file it with the Clerk of the Assem-bly.
9          (1) The Minister may, in writing, delegate any power or duty conferred or imposed
on the Minister under this Act to
(a)        an employee of a government entity the Government;
(b)        an employee of a municipality; or
(c)        another person,
who, in the Minister’s opinion, has the requisite qualifications and experience.
(2)        Where the Minister delegates a power or duty under subsection (1), the Minister
(a)        specify how the power or duty is to be exercised or performed and impose any requirement in relation to or restrictions on the exercise or performance of the power or duty that the Minister considers appropriate; and
(b)        provide that the delegate be paid for, or reimbursed for the cost of, exer-cising or performing the delegated power or duty.
(3)        Before making a delegation to a person under clause (1)(a) or (b), the Minister shall consult with and obtain the consent of the employer of the person.
(4)        Before making a delegation to a person under clause (1)(c), the Minister shall obtain the consent of the person.
(5)        The Minister may revoke a delegation made under subsection (1).
10        (1) There shall be anThe Accessibility Directorate  is hereby established.
(2)        The role of the Accessibility Directorate is to
(a)        support the implementation and administration of this Act and the regula-tions;
(b)        address broader disability-related initiatives by acting as a central govern-ment mechanism to ensure that the concerns of persons with disabilities respecting policy, program development and delivery are advanced and considered by the Gov-ernment.
11        (1) The Minister shall appoint an Executive Director and the staff of the Accessibil
ity Directorate.
(2)        The Executive Director shall lead the Accessibility Directorate and liaise with

(3)        The staff appointed toof the Accessibility Directorate are deemed toshall be
appointed to the Civil Service pursuant to the Civil Service Act.
12        The Accessibility Directorate shall
(a)        provide policy, programming, communication and administrative support on all aspects of this Act and the regulations;
(b)        conduct research and develop and implement programs of public education and awareness on the purpose of this Act;
(c)        examine and review measures, policies, practices and other requirements to improve opportunities for persons with disabilities; and
(d)       identify and study issues of concern to persons with disabilities and recommend action where appropriate.
13        (1) There shall be an Accessibility Advisory Board consisting of (a)12 members
appointed by the Governor in Council on the recommendation of the Minister; and.
(b)        four non voting members.
(2)        In making recommendations to the Governor in Council for the purpose of sub
section (1), the Minister shall take into consideration
(a)        the skills and assets the Minister considers necessary to ensure an effec-tive and optimally functioning Board; and
(b)        representation by stakeholder groups that will be subject to the accessibil-ity standards.
(3)        At least one halfThe majority of the members of the Board must be persons
with disabilities.
(4)        The following persons are non voting members of the Board whose presence at
or absence from a meeting does not affect quorum:
(a)        the Minister of Transportation and Infrastructure Renewal or that Minis ter’s designate;
(b)        the Minister of Business or that Minister’s designate;
(c)        the Minister of Regulatory Affairs and Service Effectiveness or that Min ister’s designate; and
(d)       the Minister of Municipal Affairs or that Minister’s designate.
14        (1) A person appointed to the Board pursuant to clause 13(1)(a) holds office for a
term of three years.
(2)        No person may be appointed to the Board pursuant to clause 13(1)(a) for more
than two consecutive terms.

15        (1) The Governor in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister, may desig
nate members of the Board appointed pursuant to clause 13(1)(a) as the Chair and the Vice-chair of the Board.
(2)        The Vice-chair shall act as Chair if the Chair is absent or unable to act or when
authorized to act by the Chair.
16        (1) The Board shall hold at least four regular meetings in each year and meet with
the Minister at least once every 12 months.
(2)        The Board shall prepare a summary report after each regular meeting and make the report publicly available.
(3)        The Board shall annually prepare a report of its activities and operations during the preceding fiscal year and, file it with the Minister and make the report publicly available.
17        The Board shall advise and make recommendations to the Minister about accessibility
and, in particular, shall
(a)        suggest measures, policies, practices and requirements that may be imple¬mented by the Government to improveachieve accessibility;
(b)        assess whether existing measures, policies, practices and requirements are con-sistent with the purpose of this Act;
(c)        set priorities for the establishment and content of accessibility standards and the timelines for their implementation;
(d)       set long-term accessibility objectives for furthering the purpose of this Act; and
(e)        respond to requests for accessibility advice from the Minister.
18        (1) The Minister may, in consultation with the BoardBoard shall, with the approval
of the Minister, (a)establish standard development committees to assist the Board with making recommendations to the Minister on the content and implementation of accessibility standards;.
(2)        The Board shall prepare terms of reference for each standard development com
mittee that include deadlines for each stage of the standard development process.
(b)        specify a committee’s mandate;
(c)        provide guidelines for a committee’s functions and operations; and
(3)        The Board may, with the approval of the Minister,  (d)establish a subcommittee
of technical experts and other individuals familiar with issues specific to the standard being devel-oped.
19        (1) A standard development committee established under Section 18 must have
(a)        one half of its membership consist of persons with disabilities or repre
sentatives from organizations representing persons with disabilities;
(b)        representatives of organizations and classes of organizations likely to be affected by the standard being developed; and
(c)        representatives from departments of the Government that have responsi-bilities related to the standard being developed.
(2)        A person does not need to be a member of the Board to be a member of a com
mittee  or subcommittee.
20        (1) CommitteeThe Board, committee and subcommittee members not employed in
the public service of the Province shall be paid such remuneration as is determined by the Minis¬ter.
(2) CommitteeThe Board, committee and subcommittee members shall be reim¬bursed for their reasonable expenses incurred in the performance of their duties.
21        (1) Where the Minister determines that there is an accessibility issue, the Minister
shall prepare terms of reference for an accessibility standard to address the issue.
(2)        The terms of reference prepared under subsection (1) must
(a)        specify the accessibility issue;
(b)        specify the individual, organization or class that may be subject to the standard;
(c)        establish a timeline for a response by the Board; and
(d)       suggest individuals, organizations and public sector bodies to be con sulted.
(3)        The Minister shall give the terms of reference to the Board and make them pub
licly available.
22        (1)21 Upon receipt of the terms of reference forWhen making a recommendation to
the Minister on a proposed accessibility standard, the Board shall consider and make any recom mendations to the Minister respecting
(a)        the accessibility objectives for the activity or undertaking, the class, the aspect of the built environment or the individuals or organizations to which the stand-ard relates; and
(b)        the measures, policies, practices and other requirements that the Board believes should be implemented, including
(i)         how and by whom they should be implemented, and
(ii)        the period for implementing them.
(2)        An accessibility standard must include
(a)        an economic impact assessment for the standard;
(b)        an assessment of how the standard will increase accessibility in the Prov ince; and
(c)        a progressive timeline which takes into account the resources required to comply.
(3)22 When recommending time periods for implementing an accessibility standard, the Board shall consider
(a)        the nature of the barriers that the measures, policies, practices and other requirements are intended to identify, reduce, remove or prevent;
(b)        any technical and economic considerations that may be associated with implementing the standard; and
(c)        any other matter referred to in the terms of referencerequested by the Minister.
23        When preparing recommendations under Sections 2821 and 22, the Board shall con
sultensure that the following persons have been consulted with:
(a)        persons with disabilities or;
(b)        representatives from organizations representing persons with disabilities;
(b)(c)representatives of those engaged in the activity or undertaking, or the individu¬als or organizations, or representatives of the class that may be made subject to the proposed accessibility standard;
(c)(d)representatives of government entities that have responsibilities relating to the activity, undertaking or class that may be made subject to the proposed accessibility stand-ard; and
(d)(e)other individuals or organizations that the Minister considers advisable, includ ing a standard development committee.
24        The Board shall attempt to achieve a consensus among its members on its recommen
dations but, where there is no consensus, the majority may make recommendations and one or more members may submit separate recommendationsone or more members may submit recom-mendations if a consensus is not achieved.
25        (1) The recommendations must be submitted to the Minister in the form and within
the period specified by the Minister.
(2)        The Minister shall make the recommendations publicly available.
26        Upon receipt of the recommendations, the Minister may prepare a proposed accessi
bility standard adopting the recommendations in whole, in part or with any modifications the Minister considers appropriate.
27        An accessibility standard may
(a)        specify the individuals or organizations that are subject to the standard;

(b)        set out measures, policies, practices and other requirements for
(i)         identifying, reducing and removing barriers, and
(ii)        preventing barriers from being established; and
(c)        require the individuals or organizations that are subject to the standard to imple
ment those measures, policies, practices and other requirements within the period specified in the standard.
28        An accessibility standard may be general or specific in its application and may be lim
ited as to time and place.
29        Accessibility standards may apply to individuals or organizations that
(a)        employ others;
(b)        offer accommodation;
(c)        own, operate, maintain or control an aspect of the built environment other than a private residence with three or fewer dwelling units;
(d)       provide goods, services or information to the public; or
(e)        engage in a prescribed activity or undertaking or meet other prescribed require-ments.
30        An accessibility standard may apply to different classes of individuals or organiza
tions or aspects of the built environment and, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, may apply to classes with respect to any attribute, quality or characteristic, or any combination of those things, including
(a)        the number of persons employed by an individual or organization or its annual revenue;
(b)        the type of activity or undertaking in which an individual or organization is engaged or the sector of the economy of which an individual or organization is a part; or
(c)        a particular characteristic of an aspect of the built environment, such as the type of infrastructure or the size of a building, a structure or premises, that is owned, operated, maintained or controlled by an individual or organization.
31        An accessibility standard may define a class to include or exclude an individual or
organization, or an aspect of the built environment, having the same or different attributes, quali¬ties or characteristics.
32        An individual or organization may be subject to more than one accessibility standard.
33        The Minister shall make a proposed accessibility standard and the recommendations
publicly available.
34        Within 60 days after a proposed accessibility standard is made publicly available, or
within any other longer period specified by the Minister, an individual or organization may submit comments about the proposed standard to the Minister.

35        After consulting with the Board with respect to any comments received and, if the
Minister considers it appropriate, revising the proposed accessibility standard if the Minister con siders it appropriate, the Minister mayshall recommend the standard to the Governor in Council for approval as a regulation.
36        The Minister may, by giving written notice to the Board, withdraw the terms of refer
ence for an accessibility standard that has been given to the Board and, where the Minister does so, the Board shall cease its activities in respect of that standard.
3736 An individual or organization that is subject to an accessibility standard shall
(a)        prepare and keep records in accordance with the regulations; and
(b)        make the records available for inspection and examination under this Act and the regulations.
3837 An individual or organization that is subject to an accessibility standard shall comply with it within the period specified in the standard.
38        Where the Minister believes it is in the public interest to do so, the Minister may rec
ommend that the Governor in Council prescribe incentive-based measures to encourage and assist an individual or organization, or a class of individuals or organizations, to meet or exceed an accessibility standard.
39        (1) Every public sector body shall prepare and make publicly available an accessi
bility plan within one year of the coming into force of this Act.
(2) A municipality, university or organization shall prepare and make publicly available an accessibility plan within one year of being prescribed as a public sector body.
40        An accessibility plan must include
(a)        a report on measures the public sector body has taken and intends to take to
identify, reduce, remove and prevent barriers;
(b)        information on procedures the public sector body has in place to assess the fol
lowing for their effect on accessibility for persons with disabilities:
(i)         any of its proposed policies, programs, practices and services, and
(ii)        any proposed enactments or by-laws it will be administering; and
(c)        any other prescribed information.
41 A public sector body shall consult with seek input from persons with disabilities orand representatives of organizations representing persons with disabilities when preparing an accessibility plan.
42        A public sector body shall update its accessibility plan every three years and make it

43        Two or more prescribed municipalitiespublic sector bodies may agree to have a joint
accessibility plan.
44        (1) The council of every municipality having a population of 10,000 or moreEvery
public sector body shall establish an accessibility advisory committee or continue any such com-mittee that was established before the coming into force of this Act.
(2)        At least one half of the members of an accessibility advisory committee must be
persons with disabilities or representatives from organizations representing persons with disabili-ties.
45        (1) The Minister shall appoint a Director of Compliance and Enforcement.
(2)        The Director shall
(a)        carry out the powers and duties assigned to the Director under this Act;
(b)        advise the Minister with respect to compliance and enforcement matters; and
(c)        perform such duties as are assigned by the Minister.
(3)        The Director may delegate the exercise of any of the Director’s duties, powers
or functions, other than the power to review an order or decision.
4546 (1) Inspectors and other persons required to administer compliance with and enforcement of this Act and the regulations shall be appointed by the Minister in accordance with the Civil Service Act.
(2)        Notwithstanding subsection (1), the Minister may engage, upon such terms and
conditions as the Minister considers necessary, the services of such persons as the Minister requires for administering compliance with and enforcement of this Act and the regulations.
4647 (1) An inspector carrying out an inspection under this Act shall produce, on request, an identification card provided by the Minister for that purpose.
(2)        A copy of an identification card purporting to be signed by the Minister is proof
in any court of law that an individual is an inspector.
4748 (1) An inspector may carry out an inspection in response to a complaint or in rela¬tion to an activity as directed by the Director.
(1)(2)An inspector may carry out any inspection, examination or test reasonably
required to
(a)        determine compliance with this Act and the regulations;
(b)        verify the accuracy or completeness of a record or of other information required to be prepared under this Act and the regulations; or

(c)        perform any other duty or function that the inspector considers necessary
or advisable in the administration or enforcement of this Act and the regulations.
(2)(3)When carrying out an inspection under this Section, an inspector may
(a)        require the production of any document or record for inspection and cop-ying; and
(b)        inspect the physical premises and equipment.
4849 An inspector has all the powers, privileges and immunities of a commissioner appointed under the Public Inquiries Act, with the exception of the powers of contempt, arrest and imprisonment.
4950 (1) Subject to subsection (2), an inspector may, at any reasonable time, enter
(a)        any land or any building, structure, premises or place that is subject to this Act or the regulations; or
(b)        any other premises or place where the inspector has reasonable grounds to believe that records or things relevant to the administration or enforcement of this Act or the regulations are kept,
for the purpose of administering and enforcing this Act or the regulations.
(2)        An inspector may not enter a private dwelling place or any part of a place that is
designed to be used and is being used as a permanent or temporary private dwelling place except
(a)        with the consent of the occupant of the place; or
(b)        under an order granted under Section 5051.
5051 (1) Where a justice is satisfied on evidence under oath by an inspector that
(a) there are reasonable grounds to believe that it is appropriate for the administration of this Act for the inspector to do anything set out in Section 4748; and
(b)        the inspector may not be able to carry out duties under this Act effectively
without an order under this Section because
(i)         no person is present to grant access to premises that are locked or otherwise inaccessible,
(ii)        a person has denied the inspector access to premises or there are reasonable grounds for believing that a person may deny the inspector access to premises,
(iii)       a person has prevented the inspector from doing one or more things set out in Section 4748 or denied the inspector access to something, as a result of which the inspector is unable to do one or more things set out in Section 4748,
(iv)       there are reasonable grounds to believe that a person may prevent an inspector from doing one or more things set out in Section 4748, or may deny the inspector access to something as a result of which the inspector may be unable to do one or more things set out in Section 4748,

(v)        it is unpractical, because of the remoteness of the premises to be inspected or because of any other reason, for the inspector to obtain an order under this Section without delay if access is denied, or
(vi)       there are reasonable grounds to believe that an attempt by the inspector to do anything set out in Section 4748 without the order might defeat the purpose of that Section or cause an adverse effect,
the justice may issue an order authorizing the inspector to do anything set out in Section 4748 that is specified in the order for the period set out in the order.
(2)        The period referred to in subsection (1) may not extend beyond 30 days after the date on which the order is made, but the order may be renewed for any reason set out in sub¬section (1) for one or more periods, each of which may not be more than 30 days.
(3)        An application for an extension under subsection (2) may be made before or after the expiry of the period.
(4)        An order under this Section may be issued or renewed on application without notice.
5152 (1) An inspector who finds that this Act or the regulations are being or have been contravened may issue an order, in the form prescribed, requiring the individual or organization responsible for the contravention to remedy it.
(2)        Where an inspector carries out an inspection and finds that this Act or the regu
lations are not being or have not been contravened the inspector shall document the finding and any relevant information leading to the finding.
53        The Director may, on the Director’s own motion, review any decision of an inspector
that does not result in the issuance of an order and may confirm the inspector’s decision or direct the inspector to issue an order under subsection 52(1).
5254 (1) An individual or organization named in an order made under Section 51subsec-tion 52(1) may request the MinisterDirector to review the order.
(2)        A request must be made in writing and must include the individual’s or organi-zation’s name and address, the reasons for requesting the review and any additional information that the individual or organization wants to be considered by the MinisterDirector.
(3)        The MinisterDirector is not required to hold a hearing when a request for review is made.
(4)        A request for review operates as a stay of the inspector’s order pending the out-come of the review by the MinisterDirector.
(5)        The MinisterDirector may confirm, revoke or vary the order.

(6) The MinisterDirector shall, within 60 days of the request for review being made, provide the individual or organization who requested the review with
(a)        a copy of the MinisterDirector’s decision, with written reasons; and
(b)        notification of the right to appeal the decision to the Court under Sec¬tion 5860.
(7)        Where a request for review of an inspector’s order is not received by the Minis
terDirector within 30 days after the order is served, the inspector’s order is final.
5355 (1) Subject to Section 5456, where the MinisterDirector is of the opinion that an individual or organization has failed to comply with an inspector’s order within the period speci-fied in the order, the MinisterDirector may issue a written notice requiring the individual or organ-ization to pay an administrative penalty in the amount prescribed.
(2)        Notice of an administrative penalty may only be issued after the period for appealing an order has expired or, where an appeal has been filed, after a decision has been made on the appeal.
(3)        The notice of administrative penalty must be served on the individual or organ-ization required to pay the penalty.
5456 No penalty may be issued by the MinisterDirector more than three years after the act or omission that renders the individual or organization liable to a penalty first came to the knowl¬edge of the MinisterDirector.
5557 (1) The MinisterDirector may file a certificate inwith the Supreme Court signed by the MinisterDirector and setting out
(a)        the amount of the administrative penalty issued; and
(b)        the individual or organization against whom the penalty is issued.
(2)        A certificate filed under this Section has the same force and effect as if it were a
judgment obtained in the Court for the recovery of a debt in the amount set out in the certificate and may be enforced in the same manner as a judgment of thatthe Court.
5658 An individual or organization who pays an administrative penalty for an incident of non-compliance may not be charged with an offence with respect to that non-compliance unless the non-compliance continues after the penalty is paid.
5759 Administrative penalties paid under this Act must be used for the purpose of accessi-bility initiatives, including public education and awareness.
5860 (1) Any individual or organization who is directly affected by a decision of the MinisterDirector made under
(a)        Section 5254 with respect to an order; or
(b)        Section 5355 with respect to an administrative penalty,

may appeal the decision by filing a notice of appeal with the Court and serving a copy on the Min isterDirector and any other person who the Court orders to be served.
(2)        An appeal may be made on the following grounds:
(a)        in the case of a decision under Section 5254, that the finding of a contra-vention of this Act or the regulations was incorrect; or
(b)        in the case of an administrative penalty, that
(i)         the amount of the penalty was not determined in accordance with the regulations, or
(ii)        the amount of the penalty is not justified in the public interest.
(3)        An appeal may not be commenced more than 30 days after the individual or
organization receives a decision of the MinisterDirector.
(4)        An appellant shall serve a notice of appeal on any other person who the Court
orders to be served.
5961 On receipt of the notice of appeal under subsection 5860(1), the MinisterDirector shall file with the Court true copies of
(a)        all documents and materials that were before the MinisterDirector when the MinisterDirector made the decision;
(b)        the MinisterDirector’s decision; and
(c)        the MinisterDirector’s written reasons for the decision.
6062 (1) On hearing an appeal under Section 5860, the Court may confirm, vary or dis¬miss the decision or refer the matter back to the MinisterDirector.
(2)        The Court may make any order as to costs on an appeal that the Court considers
6163 The commencement of an appeal under Section 5860 operates as a stay of the deci¬sion pending the outcome of the appeal.
64        (1) The Director shall maintain a database of all complaints of non-compliance,
inspector visits, orders issued, Director reviews, notices of administrative penalties and appeals and shall provide the Minister with a summary report annually or at any more frequent interval as requested by the Minister.
(2)        The Minister shall share the report prepared pursuant to subsection (1) with the
Accessibility Directorate and the Accessibility Advisory Board.
62        (3) The Minister may issue public reports disclosing details of orders and decisions
made and administrative penalties issued under this Act which may include personal information as defined in the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act.

6365 The following documents must be provided in an accessible format and at no charge to a person within a reasonable period after the person requests it from the Minister or a public sector body:
(a)        in the case of the Minister,
(i)         the terms of reference for a proposed accessibility standard,
(ii)(i) the recommendations of the Board,
(iii)(ii)a proposed accessibility standard,
(iv)(iii)a review conducted under Section 6466,
(v)(iv)any educational and awareness tools made publicly available,
(vi)(v)a summary report prepared by the Board,
(vii)(vi)an accessibility plan; and
(b)        in the case of a public sector body, its accessibility plan.
6466 (1) Within four years after the coming into force of this Act, and at least every five years thereafter, the Governor in Council shall appoint a person to undertake a comprehensive review of the effectiveness of the Act and the accessibility standards and report on the person’s findings to the Minister.
(2)        The person undertaking the review under this Section shall consult with
(a)        persons with disabilities;
(b)        representatives from organizations representing persons with disabilities; and
(c)        representatives from organizations affected by the implementation of the accessibility standards.
(3)        Within 30 days of receiving the report, the Minister shall
(a)        make the report publicly available.; and
(b)        table the report in the House of Assembly if the Assembly is then sitting or, where the Assembly is not then sitting, file it with the Clerk of the Assembly.
6567 No action lies against the Minister, the Accessibility Directorate, the Board,  the Director,  an inspector or any other person acting under the authority of this Act for anything done, or omitted to be done, in good faith, in the exercise or intended exercise of a power or duty under this Act or the regulations.
6668 An individual or organization who
(a)        repeatedly fails to
(i)         prepare and keep records in accordance with the regulations,
(ii)        make the records available for inspection and examination, or
(iii)       comply with an accessibility standard as required under Section 3837;

(b)        knowingly makes a false or misleading statement to the Minister or an inspector acting under the authority of this Act;
(c)        knowingly makes a false or misleading statement in a record or report given or required under this Act;
(d)       hinders, obstructs or interferes with, or attempts to hinder, obstruct or interfere with, the Minister or an inspector acting under the authority of this Act; or
(e)        continues to fail to comply with an inspector’s order after having been issued an administrative penalty, regardless of whether the penalty is paid,
is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine of not more than $25,000 250,000.
6769 In a prosecution of an offence under this Act, it is sufficient proof of the offence to establish that it was committed by an employee or agent of the accused whether or not the employee or agent is identified or has been prosecuted for the offence, unless the accused estab¬lishes that the offence was committed without the knowledge or consent of the accused.
6870 Where an organization commits an offence, a director, officer or agent of the organi-zation who authorized, permitted or acquiesced in the offence is also guilty of the offence and lia-ble on summary conviction to the penalty set out in Section 6668, whether or not the organization has been prosecuted or convicted.
6971 (1) The Governor in Council may make regulations
(a)        prescribing municipalities, universities and organizations in the public sector as public sector bodies;
(b)        prescribing the manner in which a reportdocument must be made publicly available;
(c)        prescribing an activity, undertaking or other requirements for the purpose of clause 23(1)(e)29(e);
(d)       establishing accessibility standards;
(e)        exempting an individual or organization or a class of individuals or organizations, or an aspect of the built environment, from the application of any pro-vision of this Act or the regulations and prescribing terms and conditions for the exemption;
(f)        respecting record-keeping and reporting requirements for individuals and organizations that are subject to an accessibility standard;
(p)(g)respecting incentive-based measures to encourage and assist an individual or organization, or a class of individuals or organizations, to meet or exceed an acces-sibility standard;
(g)(h)respecting accessibility plans, including the content, timing and prepara¬tion of such plans;
(h)        prescribing municipalities that may have a joint accessibility plan;
(i)         respecting the offices, positions, territorial jurisdiction and duties of inspectors generally or specifically;

(j)         establishing rules governing the qualifications, office, position, duties, conduct and discipline of inspectors;
(k)        respecting the form of the order an inspector may make, including the content of the order and the method of its service;
(l)         prescribing the form an inspector must use when making an order under Section 51;
(m)       prescribing the form an inspector must use to document a finding that the Act or the regulations has not been contravened;
(m)(n)for the purpose of Section 5355, respecting administrative penalties for contraventions of this Act, including regulations
(i)         prescribing the form and content of the notice of administrative penalty,
(ii)        respecting the determination of amounts of administrative penal¬ties, which may vary according to the nature or frequency of the contravention and whether it is an individual or organization in non-compliance, and
(iii)       respecting any other matter necessary for the administration of the system of administrative penalties provided for under this Act;
(n)(o)respecting the specific use to be made of any funds collected through the imposition of administrative penalties;
(o)(p)respecting the manner in which any order, notice or other document under this Act may be served, given or provided to any individual or organization;
(q)        defining any word or expression used but not defined in this Act;
(r)        respecting any matter or thing the Governor in Council considers neces¬sary or advisable to effectively carry out the intent and purpose of this Act.
(2)        The exercise by the Governor in Council of the authority contained in subsec
tion (1) is a regulation within the meaning of the Regulations Act.
7072 Chapter 130 of the Acts of 1989, the Disabled Persons’ Commission Act, is repealed.
7173 This Act comes into force on such day as the Governor in Council orders and declares by proclamation.